11 reasons to visit Japan in the winter

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In the autumn there are the turning leaves, in the summer there’s hot sun and lush green landscapes, and in the spring there is (of course) the famous cherry blossom.

When there are these wonderful seasons to travel to Japan, why choose to come in the bitter depths of winter? Well, I’ll let you in on a secret: winter is actually the best time to travel to Japan.

People with umbrellas and rain gear during a snow storm in Shibuya
Snow in Shibuya

OK – so the claim isn’t unqualified. Winter in Japan has its attendant inconveniences, just like any other season. If you can’t put up with cold weather, the chances are that winter in Japan is not for you. But if you’re anything like me, the following reasons will be more than enough to persuade you that winter in Japan is the best season of all.

1) There are no crowds

It is a fact universally acknowledged that in Japan, there are crowds. Lots of them. It’s part of the charm of the experience: Tokyo’s Shibuya scramble crossing wouldn’t be quite the same without the swarms of pedestrians, and cherry blossom wouldn’t be as enjoyable without the festive atmosphere and parties gathered beneath the trees.

However, if you are allergic to queues and the thought of a squashed subway carriage sends you running for the hills, consider travelling in winter. Throughout the colder months you will find many of the country’s most iconic sights almost completely deserted – and none the worse for being wreathed in snow or touched with a hint of frost.

Graves covered in light snow in the forest in Okunoin Cemetery
A dusting of snow on Mount Koya adds to the eerie atmosphere of Okunoin Cemetery

2) Snowsports

Japan is over 70% mountainous, boasts over 500 ski resorts and receives some of the world’s most reliable snowfall thanks to icy winds blowing in across the sea from Siberia. All this considered, it’s pretty much the most epic snowsports location in the universe.

Japan’s ski resorts go from the absolutely minuscule to the world-class, with incredibly long, sweeping runs and superb powder snow. Having hosted the Winter Olympics in 1972 and 1998 and the Asian Winter games numerous times – and Japan being Japan – ski resort infrastructure and hospitality is generally top-notch, with après-ski to rival anywhere in the world.

Lots of Japanese people go skiing at the weekend, so it’s super easy to incorporate a day of skiing into a winter itinerary – but I recommend setting aside a week or more!

Lone person walking on a snowed street in Hakuba
Hakuba was one of the locations for the 1998 Winter Olympics


7 reasons to ski in Japan

3) Snow monkeys

No winter trip to Japan would be complete without a visit to the hot spring-bathing snow monkeys of Yudanaka, in the mountains of Nagano Prefecture.

Semi submerged snow monkey in a hot spring in the Snow Monkey Park
Monkeys love the hot spring at Jigokudani Monkey Park

Yudanaka is a tiny, quaint hot spring town with some lovely traditional inns and plenty of onsen hot spring baths for the chilly traveller to warm up in. It is about an hour’s walk along icy, wooded paths from the town to Jigokudani Monkey Park, but when you finally arrive you’re rewarded with a flock (gaggle? what’s the collective noun for monkeys?) of incredibly cute Japanese macaques hanging out in their hot spring – and even throwing the odd snowball or two.

4) Warm sake

When there’s snow on the ground and you’re huddled inside your traditional ryokan inn or an izakaya pub, what better excuse to order a bottle of hot sake to warm the cockles of your heart?

Sake is Japan’s native rice wine (known as nihonshu in Japanese) and comes in a huge variety of types and qualities. It can be served warm or cold, and there’s nothing better than coming in after a long day in the cold for a lovely warming brew (or two, or three, or four).

Close up of sake being poured on a ceramic cup
Warm sake poured from a ceramic bottle – designed to keep the liquid warm for the longest amount of time (motoko/Pixta)

5) Onsen hot spring baths

It doesn’t have to be chilly to enjoy a nice soak in a hot spring, but in my opinion, there’s simply nothing like sinking into a lovely, steamy rotenburo (outdoor bath) when there are snowflakes falling all around you.

Hot springs (or onsen as they are known in Japanese) are an integral part of Japanese culture. There are resorts dedicated to onsen bathing up and down the country – ranging from traditional cedar-panelled bathhouses to huge, themed hot spring complexes where you can bathe in red wine or milk and honey.

Azure waters in an open air hot spring in winter

Japanese etiquette 101: How to onsen

6) Kotatsu

Japan gets very cold in the winter, but the Japanese have come up with a great solution: the kotatsu.

A kotatsu is a low table fringed with a thick quilt, with a heater underneath the top. The idea is that you sit cross-legged with the quilt over your knees to warm up your toes – but kotatsu are also great for napping underneath! In winter you’ll find them in most traditional Japanese-style inns, and some bars will even have them outside so you can combine 4) and 6) while watching the world go by.

Traditional Japanese room with low chairs, tatami mats and a kotatsu
Kotatsu at Jinpyokaku ryokan inn, Yudanaka

7) Sapporo Yuki Matsuri 

If you are in the habit of reading the InsideJapan blog, you’ll know that festivals abound in Japan. One of the most impressive of all takes place in Sapporo, the capital city of the comparatively little-visited northern island of Hokkaido.

Ice sculpture of smiling children in Sapporo Snow festival

The Sapporo Yuki Matsuri, or snow festival, is a winter celebration of epic proportions. For a few days every year, the streets and open spaces of the city are filled with giant snow and ice sculptures up to 20 metres tall and 30 metres wide, with toboggan runs, games, ice bars and all sorts of fun for all ages to join in. If you’ve ever fancied seeing a giant replica of the pyramids of Giza in snow, this is the festival for you.

Pokemon image being projected onto a building ice sculpture

Please note that this festival is very popular (because it’s very awesome), so you’ll need to book accommodation in Sapporo well in advance.

8) Red-crowned cranes

Red-crowned cranes singing on a cold morning

If you’re in Hokkaido for the Yuki Matsuri, why not make your way to Tsurui to witness one of Japan’s most enchanting natural events? Every winter, Japan’s red-crowned crane population congregates in Tsurui to mate, performing intricate and seemingly choreographed mating dances together. It’s an amazing sight, and you can be privy to it at the Tsurui-Ito Tancho Sanctuary.

Red-crowned cranes with wings spread in mid-air
The mating dance of the red-crowned crane at Tsurui crane reserve, Hokkaido

9) Illuminations

In Japan, where the national love of festivals is surpassed only by the love of lighting stuff up, illuminations are another winter must-see. The Halloween decorations are barely down before every city centre in Japan is suddenly flooded with thousands of twinkling fairy lights.

There are some pretty spectacular illuminations throughout Japan in the winter, so if you’re planning a trip there’s bound to be something awesome going on near you. In Tokyo you should head to Tokyo Midtown to see the ‘starlight garden’; in Kanagawa you can visit the Kanto region’s largest light show at the Sagamiko Resort Pleasure Forest; and for the biggest show in all Japan, make your way to Mie Prefecture for the Nabana no Sato Winter Illumination, which boasts around 7 million LED bulbs.

People walking along a tunnel of lights
Illuminations at Mie Prefecture’s Nabana no Sato

10) Shirakawago

A preserved traditional village in the Japanese Alps that was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995 for its wonderful collection of original thatched farmhouses, Shirakawago is a superb place to visit at any time of year – but it’s particularly spectacular in the winter.

The farmhouses are called gassho zukuri, or ‘praying hands’ because of the steep pitch of their roofs – designed to cope with the heavy snowfall in this alpine region. If you decide to visit, I highly recommend arranging to spend the night at one of these farmhouses (some of which have been converted into traditional inns) for a totally unique experience that you won’t find anywhere else.

A traditional wooden farmhouse with snow on its slanted roof
A gassho zukuri farmhouse

And, of course, you can’t leave without seeing the view from the observation point above the village. On certain days in January and February each year, the village is illuminated, creating one of Japan’s most picturesque winter scenes.

Small village of wooden farmhouses covered in snow at night
Shirakawago illuminated in the winter


11) You can actually see Mount Fuji

This article was going to be called ’10 reasons to visit Japan in the winter’ – but then I went and thought of another one!

Now, I’m going to have to put my hands up and confess, I have never been blessed with a glimpse of Fuji-san. Not from the pirate ship across Lake Ashi, not from the plane, not from the bullet train – nada. The fact is, Mount Fuji may be a Japanese icon, but she is also notoriously shy – hiding her face behind clouds and haze for most of the year.

If you want the best chance of seeing Fuji-san, guess what? You have to go in the winter!

Sunset over Mount Fuji seen from a distance with city in the foreground
Fuji looking her finest against clear winter skies

Get in touch to find out how you can visit snow monkeys, sweep down ski slopes, soak in a hot spring and snuggle up under a kotatsu this winter.

Read more: Snow much fun: 10 (non-skiing) winter highlights in Japan

Lone person walking amidst ice structures

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